The seven elements of art are:
Line: a moving dot; used in hatching and cross hatching, contour lines (or outlines) and the line quality (thickness or thinness) can create the illusion of form.
Shape: a two-dimensional area that is defined by a change in value or some other form of contrast. As a two-dimensional shape they only have length and width.
There are two categories of shapes. Geometric shapes or regular shapes which include a circle, triangle, square, and trapezoid.
Organic or freeform shapes are shapes that seem to follow no rules. These shapes do not have a name associated with them and are typically not man-made. They might include the shape of a flower or tree or bird or a hand or footprint.
The defined shape is the positive space and the background is the negative space.
Form: is an element of art or object that has three dimensions; it is 3-D and has height, length and width.
Geometric forms have specific names and are usually man-made. They would include a cone, cube, sphere, or cylinder.
Organic forms are typically not man-made and would include a rock, blob, or body.
The illusion of form is created by creating an illusion of light hitting the object.
Value: deals with the lightness or the darkness of a color. Value deals directly with light because the reflection of light determines how we see things. Value is the key to the illusion of light.
When color is removed from this apple, we can see the values of color that are represented if we wish to paint it accurately.
Space: the area around, above, and within an object. The goal in our art is to create an illusion of space.
Objects that are smaller will appear further away.
Objects that are further away will have less detail.
Typically objects that are further away are cooler in color temperature while objects that are closer are warmer. Therefore objects that are further away are lighter in value, while objects that are closer are typically darker in value.
Color: refers to reflected light. Color theory is defined as a theory because it cannot be proved. It is broken down into 3 parts – the color wheel, color value, and color schemes.
The color wheel is made up of three different types of colors: Primary colors (red, yellow, and blue) which cannot be made by mixing colors. They exist as natural pigments. Secondary colors are orange (made from red and yellow), green (made from blue and yellow), and purple (made from blue and red) and are made by mixing equal parts of any two primary colors. Tertiary colors are red-purple, red-orange, blue-green, yellow-green, blue-purple, and fellow-orange. The primary color is always listed first.
Color value refers to the lightness or darkness of a color. Adding white produces a tint, adding black produces a shade.
Color schemes are monochromatic which is one color only; analogous colors which are the colors next to one another on the color wheel; complementary colors are colors found directly across from each other on the color wheel. The use of these colors in this manner can make for a pleasing color scheme.
Texture: refers to the way an object feels to the touch or looks as it may feel if it were touched. Rough textures reflect light unevenly; smooth textures reflect light evenly; matte surfaces are created by building up the paint or molding paste on a surface to create a texture.
See www.artyfactory.com for additional information